发布时间:2016-11-21 00:00:00 编辑:怡玲 手机版


  Thanksgiving: AFavorite U.S. Holiday感恩节:美国人喜爱的节日

  Thanksgiving in the United States is a timeto gather with family and friends, share a traditional meal and expressgratitude for the good things in life. It can also be a time of service toothers in the community.


  Celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November, Thanksgiving traces its originsto harvest festivals. It was customary to express gratitude for a bountifulharvest in the cultures of both the Pilgrims who sailed from England in 1620and the Native Americans they encountered.


  A three-day harvest celebration held in 1621 in Plymouth Colony (part oftoday’s Massachusetts) is generally considered to be the first AmericanThanksgiving. The Pilgrims had arrived the year before on the ship TheMayflower. They hadn’t brought enough food, and it was too late to plant crops.Half the colony died during the winter of 1620–1621. In the spring, localWampanoag Indians taught the colonists how to grow corn (maize) and othercrops, and helped them master hunting and fishing. They also showed thecolonists how to cook cranberries, corn and squash.

  1621年在普利茅斯殖民地(Plymouth Colony),即今天的马萨诸塞州(Massachusetts),人们举行为时三天的丰收庆典活动,一般被视为美洲的第一个感恩节。前一年,英国清教徒们乘坐“五月花”号(The Mayflower)抵达美洲大陆。他们没有带足够的粮食,重新种庄稼又太晚。1620至1621年冬,这个殖民地的一半人口不幸丧生。到了春天,当地万帕诺亚格部落的印第安人(Wampanoag Indians)向外来移民介绍如何种植玉米和其他庄稼,并帮助他们学会狩猎和捕鱼。他们还教他们如何烹制越橘、玉米和南瓜。

  The colonists had bountiful crops in the fall of 1621. They invited theirWampanoag benefactors to feast on wild turkeys, duck, geese, fish andshellfish, corn, green vegetables and dried fruits. Wampanoag Chief Massasoitand his tribe brought venison.


  Harvest festivals became a regular affair in New England. Thanksgiving wasobserved on various dates in the states until 1863, when President AbrahamLincoln proclaimed the last Thursday in November as the national Thanksgivingholiday. In 1941, President Franklin Roosevelt signed a law fixing Thanksgivingon the fourth (not always the last) Thursday in November.

  丰收庆典逐渐成为新英格兰地区的固定节日。1863年前,各州往往在不同日子庆祝感恩节。1863年,林肯(Abraham Lincoln)总统宣布11月份的最后一个星期四为全国感恩节。1941年,罗斯福(Franklin Roosevelt)总统签署法律,将感恩节确定为11月的第四个星期四(因为第四个星期四不一定总是最后一个星期四)。


  Thanksgiving Day is a jewel, to set in the hearts of honest men; but be careful that you do not take the day, and leave out the gratitude.

  E.P. Powell (1833-1915); American Author And Journalist



  ◆ 珍惜你所拥有的一切

  In all affairs it's a healthy thing now and then to hang a question mark on the things you have long taken for granted.

  Bertrand Russell (1872-1970); Philosopher, Mathematician


  We tend to forget that happiness doesn't come as a result of getting something we don't have, but rather of recognizing and appreciating what we do have.

  Fredrick Koeing


  Who will tell whether one happy moment of love or the joy of breathing or walking on a bright morning and smelling the fresh air, is not worth all the suffering and effort which life implies.

  Erich Seligmann Fromm (1900-1980); Social Psychologist


  Reflect upon your present blessings, of which every man has plenty; not on your past misfortunes of which all men have some.

  Charles Dickens (1812-1870); Novelist


  ◆ 感恩让生活如此美好

  To speak gratitude is courteous and pleasant, to enact gratitude is generous and noble, but to live gratitude is to touch Heaven.

  Johannes A. Gaertner (1912-1996); Art History Professor, Theologian, Poet


  I still miss those I loved who are no longer with me but I find I am grateful for having loved them. The gratitude has finally conquered the loss.

  Rita Mae Brown (born 1944); Writer


  In our daily lives, we must see that it is not happiness that makes us grateful, but the gratefulness that makes us happy.

  Albert Clarke


  Gratitude unlocks the fullness of life. It turns what we have into enough, and more. It turns denial into acceptance, chaos to order, confusion to clarity. It can turn a meal into a feast, a house into a home, a stranger into a friend. Gratitude makes sense of our past, brings peace for today, and creates a vision for tomorrow.

  Melodie Beattie - Motivational Author


  ◆ 别忘了说一句感谢

  The deepest craving of human nature is the need to be appreciated.

  William James (1842-1910); Psychologist, Philosopher, Author


  When eating bamboo sprouts, remember the man who planted them.

  Chinese Proverb


  If the only prayer you ever say in your entire life is thank you, it will be enough.

  Meister Eckhart [Johannes Eckhart] (1260-1328); Theologian, Mystic


  Let us be grateful to people who make us happy; they are the charming gardeners who make our souls blossom.

  Marcel Proust (1871-1922); Novelist


  Thankfulness is the beginning of gratitude. Gratitude is the completion of thankfulness. Thankfulness may consist merely of words. Gratitude is shown in acts.

  Henri-Frederic Amiel (1821-1881); Philosopher, Poet, Critic